Panorama of great pyramids of Giza, Egypt

Things to do in  Giza

Which way to the pyramids?

The suburb of Giza sprawls along the Nile’s west bank in Cairo, Egypt’s vast capital. But while the district is mainly nondescript, it boasts the 4,500-year-old Giza Pyramids, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Things to do here revolve around the Giza Plateau, where the three largest structures—the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramids of Khafre and Menkaure, and the Great Sphinx (plus other relics)—loom from desert sands. Nearby is the Grand Egyptian Museum, which when complete, will display 100,000 ancient artifacts, including Tutankhamun’s treasures.

Top 15 attractions in Giza

Egyptian Museum (Museum of Egyptian Antiquities)

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A centerpiece of Tahrir Square, the Egyptian Museum (Museum of Egyptian Antiquities) has been a mecca for Egyptologists since it opened and houses some of the world’s greatest ancient relics. While some collections are moving to the new Grand Egyptian Museum, it remains a must-see for anyone interested in ancient Egypt.More

Giza Pyramids

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One of the most mysterious Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (and the only one still standing), the Pyramids of Giza—the Great Pyramid of Giza (Khufu Pyramid), Pyramid of Khafre, and Pyramid of Menkaure—still live up to more than 4,000 years of hype. Seeing these 4th-dynasty pyramids and their guardian Sphinx rising from the Giza Plateau is a must on any trip to Cairo (and the reason many travelers find themselves in Egypt).More

Memphis

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During Egypt’s Old Kingdom period, Memphis, located near Cairo, was home to the pharaohs who built the pyramids. But domestic architecture didn’t last like the pyramids did, so most all that remains of Memphis today is the Mit Rahina open-air sculpture museum.More

Saqqara (Sakkara)

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Set about 18 miles (30 kilometers) south of Cairo, Saqqara (Sakkara) was the burial place for the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis, now in ruins. The site features a small sphinx and several pyramids—the most famous of which is the Step Pyramid of Djoser, which represented a major advance in building techniques.More

Sphinx (Great Sphinx of Giza)

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The 66-foot-tall (20-meter-tall) Sphinx of Giza is an icon of ancient Egypt, and the subject of continued debate regarding its meaning, age, and original builder. With the head of a human and the body of a lion, the Sphinx—one of the world’s largest and oldest statues—is said to symbolize strength, power, and wisdom.More

Great Pyramid of Giza (Khufu Pyramid)

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The last surviving wonder of the ancient world, the Great Pyramid of Giza is also known as the Khufu Pyramid or Pyramid of Cheops, in honor of the pharaoh who built it around 2570 BC. The oldest, largest, and tallest of the three Giza pyramids, it is full of narrow tunnels and eerie chambers that are open to visitors.More

Dahshur

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Blissfully serene compared to the Giza Pyramids chaos, Dahshur’s desert sands were once home to an impressive 11 large pyramids. Today, two survive, the Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid, both built by Pharaoh Snefru around 4,500 years ago. Unusually, travelers can explore inside both of them, as well as a smaller side pyramid.More

Pyramid of Khafre

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Sometimes known as the second pyramid, the Pyramid of Khafre (Pyramid of Chephren) towers 446 feet (136 meters) above the desert, its tip still encased in the white limestone that once decorated all three Giza Pyramids. It looks taller than the Great Pyramid of Giza, built by Khafre’s father Khufu, because it stands on higher ground.More

Pyramid of Djoser (Step Pyramid)

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Considered the original pyramid and the world’s earliest stone monument, the Pyramid of Djoser (Step Pyramid) is a highlight of any trip to Saqqara. Built in 2650 BC, it still stands proud over Saqqara, surrounded by the remains of ritual buildings.More

Pyramid of Menkaure

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The smallest of Cairo’s three main Giza Pyramids, the Pyramid of Menkaure stands with its two counterparts on the Giza Plateau on the southwestern edges of Egypt’s capital. As part of Cairo’s most-visited attraction, this 4,500-year-old tomb is seen by millions of tourists each year.More

Al-Fayoum (Faiyum)

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Nourished by Nile canals, the lush farmland of Al-Fayoum (Faiyum nestles up against salty Lake Qarun. Head here for: Wadi El-Rayan, with its tumbling waterfalls; a welter of less-visited ancient Egyptian sites, including pyramids; and the fossil-dense UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the Valley of the Whales (Wadi Al-Hitan.More

Pharaonic Village

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Set on Jacob’s Island on the River Nile in Cairo, the Pharaonic Village is an outdoor leisure park themed around ancient Egypt and its pharaohs. Visitors wanting a relaxing and educational break from Cairo’s commotion come here to enjoy the re-enactments of ancient Egyptian life, mini-museums, replica buildings, and fun activities.More

Ramses II Statue at Giza

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Ramses II was a the longest serving pharaoh in Ancient Egypt, reigning from 1279 BC to 1213 BC, a total of 66 years and 2 months. This made him a very powerful and significant man in history and it's not surprising he left behind so many huge statues of himself. The Ramses II Statue at Giza is the freestanding red granite statue reaching 36 ft (11 m) in height discovered by Giovanni Battista Caviglia in 1820 in Memphis, the ruined ancient capital city. It was broken into 6 pieces but in 1955 Egyptian President Nasser had it restored and installed in Cairo at Ramses Square. Pollution took its toll on the 3,200 year old sculpture however and in 2006 it was moved to Giza where it will be installed in the new Grand Egyptian Museum when that opens in 2020.Other statues of Ramses II are found at Abu Simbel and Luxor. The British Museum also has one which was found at Thebes.Please note The Ramses II Statue was moved to the Grand Egyptian Museum in 2018. The Grand Egyptian Museum is currently scheduled to open in late 2020.More

Giza Plateau

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A raised desert area on the fringes of Cairo, the Giza Plateau is most famous for its necropolis (city of the dead), which includes the Giza pyramids, the Sphinx, the Solar Boat Museum, and the Valley Temple. The largest and most famous of the Giza pyramids, the Great Pyramid of Khufu, is the last remaining Wonder of the Ancient World.More

Papyrus Institute

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One of several government-approved papyrus factories and shops in Cairo, the Papyrus Institute in Giza showcases the ancient Egyptian art of papyrus-making. Travelers watch demonstrations of papyrus rolling, pressing, and painting, and browse and buy authentic papyrus works to take home.More

Top activities in Giza

Amazing 3-Nights Cruise From Aswan To Luxor including Abu Simbel&Hot Air Balloon
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Enjoy 8 days Egypt Tour Package from Cairo airport with Flights
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Enjoy 8 days Egypt Tour Package from Cairo airport with Flights

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$1,198.00  $161.40 savings
Sailing Nile Cruise from Aswan to Luxor for 2 Nights
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Sailing Nile Cruise from Aswan to Luxor for 2 Nights

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$314.42
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6 Days Nile Cruise:Luxor,Aswan,Abu Simbel with Train Tickets from Cairo
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Guided Visit to Cairo's Khan el-Khalili Market with lunch
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Guided Visit to Cairo's Khan el-Khalili Market with lunch

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3 Night Luxor and Aswan Nile Cruise with Hot Air Balloon, Abu Simbel from Luxor
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Giza Pyramids Sound & Light Show At Night
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Egypt 9 days- Cairo Pyramids and Nile Cruise from Luxor to Aswan and Abu Simbel
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Operators have paid Viator more to have their experiences featured here

All about Giza

When to visit

Egypt’s scorching summers aren’t conducive to exploring Giza’s outdoor sites, so plan to visit between November and February when temperatures are comfortable. However, you can expect the pyramids and Grand Egyptian Museum to be busy during this period, so consider coming in late spring or early fall when everything’s quieter. If you’re a food- or jazz-enthusiast, you could time your visit to take in Cairo Bites, the city’s September food festival, or the renowned Cairo Jazz Festival, held every October.

Getting around

Many travelers book private tours to see Giza, as they include round-trip private transfers and, usually, a driver-guide to provide added insight. Alternatively, hire a cab for the return trip, use a ride-share app, or take Cairo’s public transportation. Public buses to Giza operate from El Tahrir Square, while Metro M2 line trains will ferry you to either Giza or Omm El-Misyreen stations, where you can catch buses or cabs to the plateau.

Traveler tips

First-time visitors to Cairo and Egypt may be surprised by the limited tourist facilities at the Giza Plateau. Restrooms, for instance, are few and far between, so be sure to use those located near the entrance—after that, you’ll find no amenities whatsoever. And whatever you do, don’t assume everywhere will accept your bank cards. You’ll need cash, and lots of it, for tickets, souvenirs, and tips—the latter for guides, drivers, waiters, restroom attendants, and unforeseen extras.

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People Also Ask

Is Giza worth visiting?

Yes. Giza’s pyramids are arguably the world’s greatest ancient sight. Dating to around 2,500 BC, these pharaonic tombs include the Great Pyramid, the last of the Seven Ancient Wonders. Seeing them, along with the Great Sphinx, smaller pyramids, temples, and Giza’s new Grand Egyptian Museum, is more than worthwhile.

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What is Giza best known for?

Giza is famous for the Giza Pyramids, an age-old necropolis on the sandy Giza Plateau, where many of Egypt’s 4th-dynasty kings and royals were entombed. Its most celebrated pyramid is the Great Pyramid, built for Khufu, the dynasty’s second pharaoh. This pyramid rises 481 feet (147 meters) above Cairo’s skyline.

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How many days do you need in Giza?

One day (or just half a day) is enough to view Giza’s pyramids, sphinx, and semi-intact Valley Temple—once used for mummification—and to soak in the pyramid panoramas from the plateau viewpoints. Add an extra one to two days to also explore Giza’s new Grand Egyptian Museum and Cairo’s other must-sees.

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What is there to do in Giza?

After admiring Giza’s pyramids, visit the Grand Egyptian Museum, which, when complete, will house a huge collection of artifacts, including Tutankhamun’s treasures. Later, get a fresh perspective on the pyramids on a horseback, camel, or all-terrain vehicle excursion around the plateau, or at the evening Pyramids Sound and Light Show.

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What do you wear at the Giza Pyramids?

Like all of Egypt, Giza is conservative, so you’re advised to cover up, even in the heat. Men should wear full-length pants and a T-shirt, while women should cover their legs and avoid revealing clothing. A sun hat, shades, and light scarf to protect from the heat and sand is essential.

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Can you go inside the Giza Pyramids?

Yes. You can access some of the main and smaller pyramids: Ask which ones are open on the day, and be ready to pay entry fees. You should note that you’ll find only cramped stone passageways and empty rooms inside, so it’s not worth paying to enter more than one.

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Frequently Asked Questions
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